Section 1 [A corporation is not a person and can be regulated]

The rights protected by the Constitution of the United States are the rights of natural persons only.

Artificial entities, such as corporations, limited liability companies, and other entities, established by the laws of any State, the United States, or any foreign state shall have no rights under this Constitution and are subject to regulation by the People, through Federal, State, or local law.

The privileges of artificial entities shall be determined by the People, through Federal, State, or local law, and shall not be construed to be inherent or inalienable.


Section 2 [Money is not speech and can be regulated]

Federal, State and local government shall regulate, limit, or prohibit contributions and expenditures, including a candidate’s own contributions and expenditures, for the purpose of influencing in any way the election of any candidate for public office or any ballot measure.

Federal, State and local government shall require that any permissible contributions and expenditures be publicly disclosed.

The judiciary shall not construe the spending of money to influence elections to be speech under the First Amendment.


Section 3

Nothing contained in this amendment shall be construed to abridge the freedom of the press.


The Move To Amend coalition is the most focused and active group in the movement to overturn Citizens United. Their language is totally non-partisan and, by far, the most effective of the proposals with any significant backing. Some critics argue that the nature of Congressional legislation makes endorsing any language now a fool’s errand and that position has some merit.

But numerous proposals have already been introduced in Congress and several more are gathering signatures around the country. And a Constitutional amendment isn’t anything like legislation — for instance, nobody would dream of introducing a 2,000-page bill as a proposal to amend the Constitution. If we leave the job to Congress, whether by amendment or by invoking Article III, Section 2, they’ll give us a solution that will be just as ineffective as any of their previous attempts at campaign finance reform.

The purpose of this website is to provide a place to have these debates about the two aspects of any amendment — the impact the language has on resolving the constitutional problem, and the likelihood that the language will be acceptable to a cross-partisan super-majority of the American public. In many ways, the latter is far more difficult than the former. This language is both effective and most likely to garner the most support in the general public of all the options on the table now.






  1. revised 6/27/13
    Bill of Rights for Voting Equality (BRVE) brave
    We have written our voting rules, care to comment?

    If you would like to read the reasons behind each rule go here instead.

    Whereas we the people are created equal, and
    whereas we the people are endowed with certain inalienable rights, and
    whereas we the people instituted a government to secure these rights, and
    whereas we the people lay the foundation on such principles, and organize its power in such form, as to us shall seem most likely to effect the above objective, do require the following Bill of Rights for Voting Equality.

    Each citizen of the United States at or exceeding the age of majority has the right to vote in any public election in the jurisdiction where he or she resides. That right shall not be denied or abridged by the United States, any State, agreement, person, or entity. After incarceration all rights shall resume.

    a) All citizens of the United States, residing in all states, shall have equal access, (the same requirements), to creating a political party and achieving a ballot line.
    b) All candidates and parties shall have equal time constraints to qualify for ballot access.
    c) All proofs will be received by a multi-partisan regulatory board, such as the Board of Elections.
    d) All citizens that desire to be candidates, shall register at their local Board of Elections.
    e) The Board of Elections shall divide equally, the campaign tools for election purposes. All tools must be properly labeled as citizen provided.
    f) Elections shall be publicly funded. No private money may be used for a public office, or seat in the government. The citizen must have full confidence that no bribery or appearance of bribery is taking place.

    The District constituting the seat of Government of the United States shall elect Senators and Representatives in the Congress in such number and such manner as it would be entitled if it were a State.

    All citizens must be able to verify that the vote has been counted accurately. All ballots must be counted by hand. All counting must be supervised by multi-partisan personnel and recorded.

    a) There shall be at least one Representative to each Thirty Thousand citizens, per state.
    b) Each state shall divide its population by 30,000 to determine its number of representatives.
    c) Each Representative shall have the voting power equal to the number of citizens that voted for them.
    d) Congress shall be unicameral, and the Senate shall be desolved.

    All citizens shall have equal early voting hours in which to cast their vote. sufficient voting places, materials, and personnel shall be provided to reduce the voting time to within an hour.

    The Presidential/Vice-Presidential election shall be counted by (score or approval) counting.

    • pewestlake pewestlake

      I think a voter bill of rights is a good idea and there are some other worthy provisions in this proposal. I think the language needs some tweaking and some of the proposed ideas would be difficult to implement (like voting power equal to the number of number of citizens that voted for a rep) and others would be difficult to sell.

      One thing I believe for certain, the kind of sweeping changes you propose would be corrupted by corporate influence unless we preceded an overhaul like this with an amendment that empowered Congress to sweep money out of politics and prevent corporations from asserting constitutional rights they never should have had in the first place.

      Thanks for sharing the very interesting ideas!


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